AE Top 500 Auction Results For 2009
Silver Mining in Bohemia, courtesy of Sotheby's.
By Michael Stillman
No one will accuse 2009 of being the greatest year ever for matters of finance, but as we look back at auctions in the field of books and ephemera, we find it wasn't all that bad either. Perhaps we have reached a bottom. The AE Top 500 for 2009 reveals that there was still a lot of activity at the high end of the book world. Each year, the Americana Exchange looks at several hundred thousand books and related material sold at auction and compiles a list of the top 500 prices. For the record, the 500th most expensive book still would have put you out for $43,750. Regardless of the economy, there are still buyers at the top.
The price at #500 provides an interesting comparison to last year. In 2008, the price at the bottom of the list was $51,000. That's a decrease of 14% from last year, a sign that prices have dropped year to year. However, 2008 was a split personality, a strong start, bad finish. For the first six months, the comparable value was $61,000. For the second half, it was $43,750, a huge intra-year drop (28%), but the exact same amount as for 2009. The implication is prices have stabilized, at least at the high end of the book market. After last year's collapse, stability sure looks good.
Near the end of this article, we will provide a link to the complete list of the Top 500. Now, let's take a look at some of the highlights.
Topping the list for most appearances were George Washington and Charles Darwin, with seven each. All of Washington's listings were for manuscript items, all of Darwin's for editions of the same book, On the Origin of the Species. Following with six were perennial favorites Charles Dickens, Abraham Lincoln, the Bronte family, and a man who lived more than a millennium before printing, Ptolemy. Edgar Allan Poe was next with five, but three of those were in the top 27, four in the top 68. Here are some specifics.
Photographs normally don't belong on a books list, but this one is an exception. It is a photograph of the three Dykes sisters, ages 6, 8 and 10, taken in 1862 by Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. Dodgson was a college teacher who had a few side hobbies, including photography and writing. He would become better known for the latter a few years later when, under the penname "Lewis Carroll," he wrote about Alice's adventures in Wonderland. #488. $45,072.
An Australian auction made the list selling a copy of Matthew Flinders' 1814 A Voyage to Terra Australis. #480. $46,018. Frankenstein may still be a frightening character, but not in the book rooms. Mary Shelley's 1818 classic came in at #429. $50,000. It's hard to imagine what a Gutenberg Bible would be worth today, as a single leaf was #399, taking in $52,500. Tied at 399 was another single page, this one a souvenir Sgt. Pepper poster signed by all four Beatles.
At #337 we find an autographed letter from the notorious John Dillinger to his niece, signed "Johnny." "Johnny" promises this will be his last Christmas in jail, which it was. The following March he escaped, only to be shot down in Chicago that July. $60,400. Three places higher, at #334, was a library of chess books and much personal manuscript material from the eccentric and unpleasant American chess master Bobby Fischer. Fischer left it in a storage unit when he departed America in 1992, never to return. $61,000.
Doctrina Christiana, the first book published in South America (Peru, 1584), was #271. $72,000. A group of 125 photographs from Eadweard Muybridge's classic study of Animal Locomotion (humans being one of the animals) that was a precursor of motion film was #230. $81,000. The premier sport book, Izaak Walton and Charles Cotton's The Compleat Angler, published in 1658, was #215. $86,500.
A personal letter from Martin Luther discussing his upcoming debates with a Papal legate was #159. $106,650. The Beatles make the list again at 144, this time with a 1969 "love and peace" placard signed by John and Yoko. $114,636. Edgar Allan Poe's The Raven is always a favorite as attested by this first edition, first issue. #68. $182,500. The same is true of Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass, with a first edition (1855) at #53. $218,500. One of three known copies of the first Poor Richard almanac, by Benjamin Franklin, was #15, bringing in $566,500.
AE Top 500 Auction Results For 2009
Abraham Lincoln's 1864 victory speech, courtesy of Christie's.
Poe's first book, Tamerlane and Other Poems, published in 1827, was #13. $662,500. Then come two early printings of the Declaration of Independence at #12 and #11. $698,500 and $722,500. And, that takes us to the Top 10 highest prices paid at auction in 2009.
10. The North American Indian, 20 portfolios and 20 text volumes, by Edward S. Curtis. This is the copy put up for sale by Delaware's Wilmington Institute (public) Library to support its physical plant and endowment. $775,000.
9. Les Voyages du Sieur de Champlain... an exceptional copy of the first edition of Champlain's voyage to America. $780,000.
8. Livy's Decades, a French translation from the original Latin, in an illuminated manuscript on vellum dated 1440. $790,716.
7. An autograph manuscript from Edgar Allan Poe containing the first 8 stanzas of For Annie. $830,500.
6. Silver Mining in Bohemia, a 15th century illuminated miniature showing the entire mining process. $958,484.
5. Cosmographia of Ptolemy, a 1482 edition from Ulm, the first atlas printed outside of Italy and the first with modern maps. $976,012.
4. Essais, first edition of Michel de Montaigne's groundbreaking work published in 1580. $995,995.
3. Das Buch Von Kaiser Sigmund, an account of Emperor Sigismund by diplomat Eberhard Windeck, an illuminated manuscript circa 1440-50. $1,817,356.
2. An autograph letter from George Washington to his nephew Bushrod, dated 1787, where the General and future first President argues in favor of the proposed U.S. Constitution. $3,218,500.
1. An autograph manuscript of Abraham Lincoln's 1864 election victory speech. $3,442,500.
The complete AE Top 500 may be found by clicking this link.
Note about the Top 500: We have included, along with the obvious - books - manuscripts (including pre-printing illuminated manuscripts, author's original drafts, personal letters and other handwritten or signed items), artwork only with a clear connection to books (such as original drawings used as illustrations in books), broadsides and other printed material, and ephemeral items with a clear connection to the world of books and manuscripts.